Vitiligo or Leukoderma Uneven Pale Patches of Skin

Published: 13th April 2010
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Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition that supports loss of coloring, resulting in uneven pale patches of skin. Research indicates that a detailed type of leukoderma manifested characteristically by de-pigmentation the epidermis. Clinically, it is distinguished by white spot on the skin that may be few or many. It has been proved that a state whereby the immune system is activated to react against and attack the body's own tissues and may happen next to diseases like thyroid disease or pernicious anemia. Vitiligo is usual category of so-called 'Vitiligo Vulgaris' also known as common vitiligo. Alternative types include linear, segmental, trachoma and inflammatory vitiligo.

The Vitiligo or leukoderma is the loss of skin pigmentation due to attack autoimmune by the body's immune system to melanocytes. The Vitiligo usually begins in adulthood with patches of de-pigmented skin appearing at the ends. The patches may grow or remain constant in size. Occasionally small areas may re-pigment when are decolonized by melanocytes.

Vitiligo is a disease non-contagious when there is loss of pigmentation of natural skin. Its etiology is not well understood, although the autoimmune factor appears to be important. However, stress physical emotional And anxiety are common factors in the onset or worsening of the disease. Pathologically, vitiligo is characterized by a reduction in the number or function of melanocytes, cells located in the skin responsible for producing the skin pigment - melanin. The disease can occur at any age, most frequently in two age groups: 10 to 15 years and 20 to 40 years.

This de-pigmentation usually occurs in the form of white spots of various sizes and with focal or diffuse destruction. It can occur in any segment of the skin, including the retina (eye). The most common sites are the face, hands and genitals. The hairs found in the patches of vitiligo become whitish. The affected site is very sensitive to sun, Serious burns can occur if exposed to the sun without protective, conferring a risk for developing skin cancer.

Vitiligo is a disease skin which is characterized by its de-pigmentation forming patches achromatic well-defined borders and centrifugal growth. It is also possible that there de-pigmentation hair. The disease affects 1% of the population, and 30% of cases, there are familial occurrence. Eventually, vitiligo occurs after trauma and sunburn.

The causes of the disease have not yet been clarified:
Vitiligo does not usually show symptoms. Most patients seeking medical attention for any inconvenience that the aesthetic disease causes, however, there are those who see a doctor because of the sunburn areas expressed.

In some cases, mild trauma to an area of skin seems to cause new patches - for example around the ankle due to friction with the footwear. Vitiligo can also be caused by stress that affects the immune system making the body to start eliminating skin pigment.

Vitiligo does not provide medical risks than the problem areas of skin affected have no protection from sunlight - they burn but never tan. However, if the skin is naturally dark, the aesthetic effect of vitiligo may be considered objectionable by some.

Vitiligo affects the scalp hair color, leaving spots or streaks white. The whiskers beard and the body can be affected similarly.

Get more information on Leucoderma Treatment and skin pigment. And more on vitiligo natural remedies.

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